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All Articles For Cloud of Witnesses

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“Now Korah,….Dathan and Abiram…rose up before Moses with certain of the children of Israel: And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them, Ye take too much upon you, seeing all the congregation are holy, every one of them, and the LORD is among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the LORD? Numbers 16:1-3 During the wilderness journey, there were many in Israel who were children of God in name but not at heart. This became ever increasingly evident. Through the months and years the great and marvelous works of...

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Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. (Note: In the last article, we began to discuss Zwingli’s work as a reformer. We continur that discussion now.) Zwingli the Reformer The Reformation spread through Switzerland in a way different from the spread of the Reformation in any other land. Upon a petition from a reformer or a group of reformers, the ruling Council of a Swiss city would order a disputation to which the public was invited. Reformers and Roman Catholic theologians would carry on the disputation by debating a specific matter of...

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Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction William of Orange is to the citizens of the Netherlands what George Washington is to Americans. If anyone at all can claim to be the father of that country, it is William. And yet he is more than father; he is also the savior, under God, of Calvinism in the Lowlands. He occupies a crucial place in Dutch history, and he is honored in the Dutch national anthem: “Wilhelmus van Nassau; ben ik van Duitschen bloed…” (William of Nassau; I am of German blood)....

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Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction Part of the power and enduring value of our confessions is the fact that they arose out of the life of the church. They were not drawn up by men sitting in ivory towers, contemplating the truth of Scripture but far removed from the battle for the faith. They breathe the life of the church’s struggles. The Heidelberg Catechism was written in the struggles between Calvinism on the one hand and Lutheranism and Romanism on the other hand, as these struggles were bitterly fought...

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Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction It is a surprising truth of history that oftentimes, in doctrinal controversy, the heretic is a nice man, while the defender of the faith is, from many points of view, a miserable character. Athanasius, vs. Arms: Arms the suave, diplomatic, likeable denier of Christ’s divinity; Athanasius the stubborn and implacable defender of the Nicene Creed. Cyril vs. Nestorius: Cyril the haughty and cruel defender of the unity of Christ’s natures in the one divine person; Nestorius the popular, gifted heretic who insisted that Christ...

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Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Controversy With Arminius It may surprise our readers somewhat that Gomarus fought hard against the appointment of Arminius as professor in theology. But this surprise will evaporate when we realize that Arminius was under strong suspicion for his views before he was considered for a professorship. After he completed his studies, Arminius became minister in the church of Amsterdam. It was not long after the beginning of his ministry that he began a series of sermons on the book of Romans. In connection with his...

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Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction I shall have to write this sketch of someone whom I knew. I did not and could not know him as his family knew him. I did not and could not know him as his colleagues knew him. But he was my pastor for nearly twenty years and he was my professor in the seminary for at least six years. We knew him in the classroom, in the coffee room at break time, during the informalities of Student Club, and in the banter and...

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