All Articles For Believing and Confessing

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Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 16 Question 40. Why was it necessary for Christ to humble Himself even unto death? Answer. Because with respect to the justice and truth of God, satisfaction for sins could be made no otherwise than by the death of the Son of God. Question 41. Why was He also “buried”? Answer. Thereby to prove that He was really dead. Question 42. Since then Christ died for us, why must we also die? Answer. Our death is not a satisfaction for our sins, but only an abolishing of sin, and a passage into eternal life. Question 43....

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Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 15 Question 37. What dost thou understand by the words, “He suffered”? Answer. That He, all the time that He lived on earth, but especially at the end of His life, sustained in body and soul the wrath of God against the sins of all mankind; that so by His passion, as the only propitiatory sacrifice, He might redeem our body and soul from everlasting damnation, and obtain for us the favor of God, righteousness and eternal life. Question 38. Why did He suffer under Pontius Pilate as judge? Answer. That He, being innocent, and yet...

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Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 14 Question 35. What is the meaning of these words—“He was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary”? Answer. That God’s eternal Son, who is, and continueth true and eternal God, took upon Him the very nature of man, of the flesh and blood of the Virgin Mary, by the operation of the Holy Ghost; that He might also be the true seed of David, like unto His brethren in all things, sin excepted. Question 36. What profit dost thou receive by Christ’s holy conception and nativity? Answer. That He is our Mediator;...

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Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 13 Question 33. Why is Christ called the only begotten Son of God, since we are also the children of God? Answer. Because Christ alone is the eternal and natural Son of God; but we are children adopted of God, by grace, for His sake. Question 34. Wherefore callest thou Him our Lord? Answer. Because He hath redeemed us, both soul and body, from all our sins, not with gold or silver, but with His precious blood, and hath delivered us from all the power of the devil; and thus hath made us His own property....

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Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 12 Question 31. Why is He called Christ, that is, anointed? Answer. Because He is ordained of God the Father, and anointed with the Holy Ghost, to be our chief Prophet and Teacher, who has fully revealed to us the secret counsel and will of God concerning our redemption; and to be our only High Priest, who by the one sacrifice of His body has redeemed us, and makes continual intercession with the Father for us; and also to be our eternal King, who governs us by His Word and Spirit, and who defends and preserves...

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Rev. Kleyn is pastor of Trinity Protestant Reformed Church in Hudsonville, Michigan. Previous article in this series: January 1, 2009, p. 151. Lord’s Day 2 Q 3. Whence knowest thou thy misery?  A. Out of the law of God. Q 4. What doth the law of God require of us?  A. Christ teaches us that briefly, Matthew 22:37-40 , “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. This is the first and the great commandment; and the second is like unto it, Thou...

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Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 10 Question 27. What dost thou mean by the providence of God? Answer. The almighty and everywhere present power of God, whereby, as it were by his hand, he upholds and governs heaven, earth, and all creatures; so that herbs and grass, rain and drought, fruitful and barren years, meat and drink, health and sickness, riches and poverty, yea, and all things come, not by chance, but by His fatherly hand. Question 28. What advantage is it to know that God has created, and by His providence doth still uphold all things? Answer. That we may...

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Previos article in this series: June 2010, p. 398. Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 6 Question 16. Why must He be very man, and also perfectly righteous? Answer. Because the justice of God requires that the same human nature which hath sinned should likewise make satisfaction for sin; and one who is himself a sinner cannot satisfy for others. Question 17. Why must He in one person be also very God? Answer. That He might, by the power of His Godhead, sustain in His human nature the burden of God’s wrath; and might obtain for, and restore to us, righteousness and...

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Previous article in this series: January 15, 2010, p. 180. Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 5 Question 12. Since then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eternal punishment, is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again received into favor? Answer. God will have His justice satisfied: and therefore we must make this full satisfaction, either by ourselves, or by another. Question 13. Can we ourselves then make this satisfaction? Answer. By no means; but on the contrary we daily increase our debt. Question 14. Can there be found anywhere one who...

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Previous article in this series: January 1, 2011, p. 152. Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 9  Question 26. What believest thou when thou sayest, “I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth”? Answer. That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (who of nothing made heaven and earth, with all that is in them; who likewise upholds and governs the same by His eternal counsel and providence) is, for the sake of Christ His Son, my God and my Father; on whom I rely so entirely, that I have no doubt but He will provide me...

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