Report of American Bar Association

We are indebted to a friend and brother who sent us a copy of a pamphlet entitled “Report Of American Bar Association, Special Committee On Communist Tactics, Strategy, And Objectives.” The report is prefaced with a brief note informing the reader that though the American Bar Association took no action on the report, Senator Styles Bridges succeeded in having the report inserted in the Congressional Record. 

We have read and re-read the pamphlet rather carefully and feel that it contains information on the threat of communism which every citizen of the United States should know. If our readers are interested in obtaining a copy, they can write to: American Opinion, Belmont 78, Massachusetts, and include 20 cents in your request for a single copy. 

This pamphlet is one of the most informative on the subject we have yet come across, and we understand that it is being widely commented on by our citizenry. Its description of the communistic ideology is so vivid and appalling that one shivers to think that it should ever succeed. We hasten to add that, according to the pamphlet, much of the communistic plan is already achieved or in the process of development. The pamphlet, which contains some 21 pages, is naturally too large to quote in its entirety. However, we wish to give our readers a general survey of its contents, and a few pertinent quotes. 

The Report contains five main chapters which have a brief introduction under the subtitle of “Paul Reveres Are Not Always Heeded.” The purpose of this introduction is to impress the reader with the menacing nature of communism and the warning not to let this alert go unheeded. We remember from our history books that the Paul Revere of the days of the American Revolution sounded the warning that the British were coming, and how the colonists responded to that warning. But, the pamphlet shows, all Paul Reveres have not always been heeded. Illustrations of this are given in the case of the Titanic which sank in the Atlantic bringing 1635 people to an unexpected watery grave on April 15, 1912. We are told that “five iceberg warnings were sent by wireless to the Titanic. When the sixth message, ‘Look out for icebergs,’ came in, the Titanic’s operator wired back: ‘Shut up, I’m busy.’ Just thirty-five minutes later, the ship, whose captain had said ‘God Himself could not sink it,’ was sinking.” 

The Report goes on to say “The phrase ‘Remember Pearl Harbor’ should remind us that we, people and leaders, were cocksure and complacent before the afternoon of December 7, 1941. The FBI had warned of frequent messages from the Japanese consulate at Hawaii to Tokyo telling of the presence and absence of American warships at Pearl Harbor. Dies Committee reports of Japanese espionage by fishing vessels were ridiculed as headline hunting. Capt. Laurence Safford, who was recently awarded $100,000 by a grateful Congress for his World War II coding and decoding inventions, had decoded all the Japanese pre-Pearl Harbor war messages for his superiors. Yet, the attack came as a stunning surprise. 

“Most persons who are informed on communism think our country is now in greater danger than were the Titanic and Pearl Harbor. The thesis of J. Edgar Hoover’s new book, Masters Of Deceit, is:

‘Communism is the major menace of our time. Today, it threatens the very existence of our western civilization.’ 

“In his speech to the 1957 National Convention of the American Legion, Mr. Hoover warned: 

‘To dismiss lightly the existence of the subversive threat in the United States is to deliberately commit national suicide. In some quarters we are surely doing just that.’ 

“On July 6, 1958, Prof. J. Sterling Livingston, a Pentagon consultant, stated: 

‘The doctrine of pre-emptive war is definitely a part of Soviet strategy. The Russians plan as part of their strategy to strike a forestalling nuclear blow against their enemies.’ 

“The lawyer-author of the Gaither report to the President on national security recently told our association:

‘Our security is in unprecedented peril . . . The ultimate objective of international communism is world domination, and the Soviet Union will pursue this objective ruthlessly and relentlessly, employing every possible political, economic, subversive, and military stratagem and tactic.'” 

The five chapters of the pamphlet are headed by the following titles: I. Court Decisions On Communism. II. Communistic Tactics. III. Hindsight Or Foresight. IV. Current Fallacies About Communism. V. Safeguarding Our Republic. 

Chapter I makes it very plain, on the one hand, that there have been Supreme Court Justices who assumed a very rigid attitude and policy against any and all communistic infiltrations into our system; while, on the other hand, it shows with twenty concrete cases how our courts have often quashed the decisions of lower courts and the efforts of anti-subversive committees whose purpose it was to stop the communistic effort in its tracks. We receive the impression from the reading of this chapter that our courts are generally hamstrung when it comes to stopping the communistic effort. Also we were impressed with the fact that the reporting committee of the American Bar Association has very little respect for the Fifth Amendment which can so easily be invoked to hide the guilty. 

Chapter II of the Report was most enlightening, containing several quotations which summarize communist tactics, strategy and objectives. We quote here rather liberally: 

“Communist Russia has been called ‘a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.’ This is true only for those who are ignorant of Communist writings. The Communists have set forth their master plan of world conquest even more forthrightly than did Hitler inMein Kampf. The Communist Manifesto said: ‘The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims.’ Communists have never deviated from the theory enunciated by Marx and the strategy devised by Lenin. 

“For those who want to understand communism, we prescribe, not a fifteen-day trip to Russia, but fifteen days in a library studying the Communist conspiracy. The following are an accurate summary of Communist tactics, strategy, and objectives. 

“The Communist master for world conquest was stated by Lenin in these words: 

‘First, we will take Eastern Europe, then the masses of Asia, then we will encircle the United States, which will be the last bastion of capitalism. We will not have to attack. It will fall like an overripe fruit into our hands.’ 

“During the last twenty-five years, the United States has had 3,400 meetings with the Communists, including Teheran, Yalta, Potsdam, Panmunjom, and Geneva. The negotiators spoke 106 million words (700 volumes). All this talk led to fifty-two major agreements, and Soviet Russia has broken fifty of them. The Communists have followed Lenin’s dictum about treaties and agreements: 

‘Promises are like pie crusts—made to be broken.’ 

“During the last three years, the United States has met seventy-three ‘times at Geneva with the Chinese Reds to negotiate the release of 450 American prisoners. Not one American serviceman has beed accounted for or released. The Communists have followed Stalin’s principle of diplomatic intercourse: 

‘Words must have no relation to action—otherwise what kind of diplomacy is it? Words are one thing, actions another. Good words are a mask for concealment of bad deeds. Sincere diplomacy is no more possible than dry water or iron wood.’ 

“Marx and Engels stated this objective in the Communist Manifesto: 

‘The theory of the Communists may be summed up in. the single sentence: Abolition of private property.’ “Lenin gave this command to Communists: ‘We have to use any ruse, dodges, tricks, cunning, unlawful method, concealment, and veiling of the truth.’ 

“On another occasion Lenin added: ‘As long as capitalism remains we cannot live in peace. In the end one or the other will triumph—a funeral requiem will be sung over the Soviet Republic or over world capitalism.’ 

“On September 17, 1955, Nikita Krushchev warned us: ‘If anyone thinks that our smiles mean the abandonment of the teachings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin, he is deceiving himself cruelly. Those who expect this to happen might just as well wait for a shrimp to learn how to whistle.’ 

“Krushchev made this statement to Western diplomats at a Moscow reception on November 18, 1956: ‘If you don’t like us, don’t accept our invitations and don’t invite us to come to see you. Whether you like it or not, history is ‘on our side. We will bury you.'” 

Much more is quoted in this section, but this will suffice to show the awful objectives Russia has in mind. The following are the major Communist tactics: 1. Nullification of the Smith Act and other anti-Communist legislation. 2. Muzzling the FBI and congressional investigations. 3. Elimination of Federal -and State security programs. 4. The peace offensive. 5. Summit conferences. 6. Cultural exchanges. 7. Recognition of Red China. 8. Halt nuclear tests. 9. East-West trade. 10. Propaganda. 11. Humiliation. This last refers to the method they use of deprecating our government and its leaders. 

Some of the major fallacies about Communism which the pamphlet mentions in chapter IV and explains, are the following: 1. “Communism in the United States is dwindling in power because the party is dwindling in numbers.” 2. “The Communist Party is just another political party.” 3. “Poverty breeds communism.” 4. “The only alternative to peaceful coexistence is World War III with nuclear destruction of our cities.” 

Chapter V treats of “Safeguarding Our Republic.” The Report recommends the following actions be taken: 1. Remedial legislation: Under this heading the committee urges that “careful consideration be given to congressional legislation or judicial construction which will: Restore to congressional committees the right to determine whether the questions asked of pro-Communist witnesses are pertinent. Restore to congressional committees the same freedom to investigate Communists and pro-Communists that these committees have always had to investigate businessmen and labor leaders. Restore to the States the right to enforce their own antisubversive laws. Restore to the Smith Act the provision which makes it a crime to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the Government. Restore to the Smith Act the meaning of ‘organize’ which includes organizational work done after ’45, so that Communist organizers cannot hide behind the statute of limitations. Restore to the executive branch the right to determine and to dismiss security risks in both sensitive and nonsensitive positions of the Government. Restore to the States the right to set standards high enough to exclude from public employment and education those who refuse to testify about their Communist activities and associates. Restore to the executive branch the right to question aliens awaiting deportation about subversive associates and contacts, and the right to deport aliens who are Communists at any time after entering the United States. Restore to the executive branch the right to deny passports to those who refuse to sign a non-Communist affidavit. Restore to the States the right to exclude from the practice of law those who have been members of the Communist conspiracy or who refuse to testify about Communist activities.” 

2. Re-evaluate the policy of recognition of Soviet Russia and its satellites. 3. Be prepared with a plan of action. 4. Study Communism. 

We found the pamphlet very helpful to interpret and to keep abreast of the times in which we live. 

—M.S.

We are indebted to a friend and brother who sent us a copy of a pamphlet entitled “Report Of American Bar Association, Special Committee On Communist Tactics, Strategy, And Objectives.” The report is prefaced with a brief note informing the reader that though the American Bar Association took no action on the report, Senator Styles Bridges succeeded in having the report inserted in the Congressional Record. 

We have read and re-read the pamphlet rather carefully and feel that it contains information on the threat of communism which every citizen of the United States should know. If our readers are interested in obtaining a copy, they can write to: American Opinion, Belmont 78, Massachusetts, and include 20 cents in your request for a single copy. 

This pamphlet is one of the most informative on the subject we have yet come across, and we understand that it is being widely commented on by our citizenry. Its description of the communistic ideology is so vivid and appalling that one shivers to think that it should ever succeed. We hasten to add that, according to the pamphlet, much of the communistic plan is already achieved or in the process of development. The pamphlet, which contains some 21 pages, is naturally too large to quote in its entirety. However, we wish to give our readers a general survey of its contents, and a few pertinent quotes. 

The Report contains five main chapters which have a brief introduction under the subtitle of “Paul Reveres Are Not Always Heeded.” The purpose of this introduction is to impress the reader with the menacing nature of communism and the warning not to let this alert go unheeded. We remember from our history books that the Paul Revere of the days of the American Revolution sounded the warning that the British were coming, and how the colonists responded to that warning. But, the pamphlet shows, all Paul Reveres have not always been heeded. Illustrations of this are given in the case of the Titanic which sank in the Atlantic bringing 1635 people to an unexpected watery grave on April 15, 1912. We are told that “five iceberg warnings were sent by wireless to the Titanic. When the sixth message, ‘Look out for icebergs,’ came in, the Titanic’s operator wired back: ‘Shut up, I’m busy.’ Just thirty-five minutes later, the ship, whose captain had said ‘God Himself could not sink it,’ was sinking.” 

The Report goes on to say “The phrase ‘Remember Pearl Harbor’ should remind us that we, people and leaders, were cocksure and complacent before the afternoon of December 7, 1941. The FBI had warned of frequent messages from the Japanese consulate at Hawaii to Tokyo telling of the presence and absence of American warships at Pearl Harbor. Dies Committee reports of Japanese espionage by fishing vessels were ridiculed as headline hunting. Capt. Laurence Safford, who was recently awarded $100,000 by a grateful Congress for his World War II coding and decoding inventions, had decoded all the Japanese pre-Pearl Harbor war messages for his superiors. Yet, the attack came as a stunning surprise. 

“Most persons who are informed on communism think our country is now in greater danger than were the Titanic and Pearl Harbor. The thesis of J. Edgar Hoover’s new book, Masters Of Deceit, is:

‘Communism is the major menace of our time. Today, it threatens the very existence of our western civilization.’ 

“In his speech to the 1957 National Convention of the American Legion, Mr. Hoover warned: 

‘To dismiss lightly the existence of the subversive threat in the United States is to deliberately commit national suicide. In some quarters we are surely doing just that.’ 

“On July 6, 1958, Prof. J. Sterling Livingston, a Pentagon consultant, stated: 

‘The doctrine of pre-emptive war is definitely a part of Soviet strategy. The Russians plan as part of their strategy to strike a forestalling nuclear blow against their enemies.’ 

“The lawyer-author of the Gaither report to the President on national security recently told our association:

‘Our security is in unprecedented peril . . . The ultimate objective of international communism is world domination, and the Soviet Union will pursue this objective ruthlessly and relentlessly, employing every possible political, economic, subversive, and military stratagem and tactic.'” 

The five chapters of the pamphlet are headed by the following titles: I. Court Decisions On Communism. II. Communistic Tactics. III. Hindsight Or Foresight. IV. Current Fallacies About Communism. V. Safeguarding Our Republic. 

Chapter I makes it very plain, on the one hand, that there have been Supreme Court Justices who assumed a very rigid attitude and policy against any and all communistic infiltrations into our system; while, on the other hand, it shows with twenty concrete cases how our courts have often quashed the decisions of lower courts and the efforts of anti-subversive committees whose purpose it was to stop the communistic effort in its tracks. We receive the impression from the reading of this chapter that our courts are generally hamstrung when it comes to stopping the communistic effort. Also we were impressed with the fact that the reporting committee of the American Bar Association has very little respect for the Fifth Amendment which can so easily be invoked to hide the guilty. 

Chapter II of the Report was most enlightening, containing several quotations which summarize communist tactics, strategy and objectives. We quote here rather liberally: 

“Communist Russia has been called ‘a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.’ This is true only for those who are ignorant of Communist writings. The Communists have set forth their master plan of world conquest even more forthrightly than did Hitler inMein Kampf. The Communist Manifesto said: ‘The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims.’ Communists have never deviated from the theory enunciated by Marx and the strategy devised by Lenin. 

“For those who want to understand communism, we prescribe, not a fifteen-day trip to Russia, but fifteen days in a library studying the Communist conspiracy. The following are an accurate summary of Communist tactics, strategy, and objectives. 

“The Communist master for world conquest was stated by Lenin in these words: 

‘First, we will take Eastern Europe, then the masses of Asia, then we will encircle the United States, which will be the last bastion of capitalism. We will not have to attack. It will fall like an overripe fruit into our hands.’ 

“During the last twenty-five years, the United States has had 3,400 meetings with the Communists, including Teheran, Yalta, Potsdam, Panmunjom, and Geneva. The negotiators spoke 106 million words (700 volumes). All this talk led to fifty-two major agreements, and Soviet Russia has broken fifty of them. The Communists have followed Lenin’s dictum about treaties and agreements: 

‘Promises are like pie crusts—made to be broken.’ 

“During the last three years, the United States has met seventy-three ‘times at Geneva with the Chinese Reds to negotiate the release of 450 American prisoners. Not one American serviceman has beed accounted for or released. The Communists have followed Stalin’s principle of diplomatic intercourse: 

‘Words must have no relation to action—otherwise what kind of diplomacy is it? Words are one thing, actions another. Good words are a mask for concealment of bad deeds. Sincere diplomacy is no more possible than dry water or iron wood.’ 

“Marx and Engels stated this objective in the Communist Manifesto: 

‘The theory of the Communists may be summed up in. the single sentence: Abolition of private property.’ “Lenin gave this command to Communists: ‘We have to use any ruse, dodges, tricks, cunning, unlawful method, concealment, and veiling of the truth.’ 

“On another occasion Lenin added: ‘As long as capitalism remains we cannot live in peace. In the end one or the other will triumph—a funeral requiem will be sung over the Soviet Republic or over world capitalism.’ 

“On September 17, 1955, Nikita Krushchev warned us: ‘If anyone thinks that our smiles mean the abandonment of the teachings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin, he is deceiving himself cruelly. Those who expect this to happen might just as well wait for a shrimp to learn how to whistle.’ 

“Krushchev made this statement to Western diplomats at a Moscow reception on November 18, 1956: ‘If you don’t like us, don’t accept our invitations and don’t invite us to come to see you. Whether you like it or not, history is ‘on our side. We will bury you.'” 

Much more is quoted in this section, but this will suffice to show the awful objectives Russia has in mind. The following are the major Communist tactics: 1. Nullification of the Smith Act and other anti-Communist legislation. 2. Muzzling the FBI and congressional investigations. 3. Elimination of Federal -and State security programs. 4. The peace offensive. 5. Summit conferences. 6. Cultural exchanges. 7. Recognition of Red China. 8. Halt nuclear tests. 9. East-West trade. 10. Propaganda. 11. Humiliation. This last refers to the method they use of deprecating our government and its leaders. 

Some of the major fallacies about Communism which the pamphlet mentions in chapter IV and explains, are the following: 1. “Communism in the United States is dwindling in power because the party is dwindling in numbers.” 2. “The Communist Party is just another political party.” 3. “Poverty breeds communism.” 4. “The only alternative to peaceful coexistence is World War III with nuclear destruction of our cities.” 

Chapter V treats of “Safeguarding Our Republic.” The Report recommends the following actions be taken: 1. Remedial legislation: Under this heading the committee urges that “careful consideration be given to congressional legislation or judicial construction which will: Restore to congressional committees the right to determine whether the questions asked of pro-Communist witnesses are pertinent. Restore to congressional committees the same freedom to investigate Communists and pro-Communists that these committees have always had to investigate businessmen and labor leaders. Restore to the States the right to enforce their own antisubversive laws. Restore to the Smith Act the provision which makes it a crime to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the Government. Restore to the Smith Act the meaning of ‘organize’ which includes organizational work done after ’45, so that Communist organizers cannot hide behind the statute of limitations. Restore to the executive branch the right to determine and to dismiss security risks in both sensitive and nonsensitive positions of the Government. Restore to the States the right to set standards high enough to exclude from public employment and education those who refuse to testify about their Communist activities and associates. Restore to the executive branch the right to question aliens awaiting deportation about subversive associates and contacts, and the right to deport aliens who are Communists at any time after entering the United States. Restore to the executive branch the right to deny passports to those who refuse to sign a non-Communist affidavit. Restore to the States the right to exclude from the practice of law those who have been members of the Communist conspiracy or who refuse to testify about Communist activities.” 

2. Re-evaluate the policy of recognition of Soviet Russia and its satellites. 3. Be prepared with a plan of action. 4. Study Communism. 

We found the pamphlet very helpful to interpret and to keep abreast of the times in which we live. 

—M.S.