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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 5, Chapter 1: The Necessity of Satisfaction

(Lord’s Day 5) Q. 12. Since then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eternal punishment, is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again received into favor? A. God will have His justice satisfied: and therefore we must make this full…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 5, Chapter 2: The Impossibility of Satisfaction

In questions and answers 13 and 14 the Heidelberg Catechism demonstrates that, as far as we are concerned, our work, our efforts, our good intentions, the way is absolutely closed: through our own efforts we can never escape punishment and again be received into favor with God. This must become…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 5, Chapter 2: The Impossibility of Satisfaction. The Possibility of Satisfaction

The Impossibility of Satisfaction The second question that must be answered in this connection is: “Can another creature, a creature that is not man, satisfy for our sin?” The Catechism answers: “God will not punish any other creature for the sin which man committed”. This will of God to punish…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 6, Chapter 2: The Necessity of the Incarnation

LORD’S DAY 6 Q. 16. Why must he be very man, and also perfectly righteous? A. Because the justice of God requires that the same human nature which hath sinned, should likewise make satisfaction for sin; and one, who is himself a sinner, cannot satisfy for others. Q. 17. Why…

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Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 6, Chapter 3: The Holy Gospel

“Whence knowest thou this?” Whence knowest thou that our Lord Jesus Christ is “that Mediator, who is in one person both very God, and a real righteous man?” And whence knowest thou that this Mediator is “of God made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption?” To this…

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Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 6, Chapter 3: The Holy Gospel (continued)

That the holy gospel, according to the Heidelberg Catechism, is essentially good news concerning the promise, may be gathered from the statement: “and lastly, has fulfilled it by his only begotten Son.” The gospel was fulfilled in the fullness of time in Jesus Christ our Lord. But this is possible…

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Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 7, Chapter 1: Salvation for Believers Only (continued). Chapter 2: The Nature of Faith

Chapter 1: Salvation for Believers Only (continued) Radically opposed to all these universalistic and semi-universalistic theories of salvation stands the answer of the Catechism: “No; only those who are ingrafted into him, and receive all his benefits by a true faith.” This answer is worthy of our closest consideration especially…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 7, Chapter 2: The Nature of Faith (continued)

Calvin treats the subject of faith elaborately in his Institutes, Book III, chapter 2. Also according to him faith is both knowledge and confidence, and both are of a special, a higher kind than the knowledge and assurance of faith in general. Writes he: “Knowledge, as we call faith, we…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 7, Chapter 2: The Nature of Faith (continued)

Saving faith, however, is also hearty confidence. The Catechism teaches us that true faith is not only a certain knowledge, “but also an assured confidence, which the Holy Ghost works by the gospel in my heart; that not only to others, but to me also remission of sin, everlasting righteousness…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 7, Chapter 3: The Object of Faith

At the close of the important seventh Lord’s Day the Catechism introduces the object or contents of the Christian’s faith, which then, in subsequent chapters it expounds in detail. In Question and Answer 22 it briefly defines that which “is necessary for a Christian to believe” as “All things promised…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 8, Chapter 2: Of the Holy Trinity

Very sober and brief is the Heidelberg Catechism on the doctrine of the Holy Trinity. Strictly speaking, it expresses all it has to say on this important subject in one question and answer, the twenty fifth: “Since there is but one only divine essence, why speakest thou of Father, Son,…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 8, Chapter 3: The Revelation of the Living God

The Catechism emphasizes that the doctrine of the. holy trinity is known only from revelation. The Church and the individual believer speak of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, as three persons in the divine essence, only “because God hath so revealed himself, in his word, that these three distinct persons are…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 9, Chapter 1: The Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

Q. 26. What believest thou when thou sayest, “I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth?” A. That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who of nothing made heaven and earth, with all that is in them; who like wise upholds and governs the…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 9, Chapter 2: The Eternal Father of the Son

Even though passages like Ps. 2:7 cannot be directly quoted to prove the doctrine of the eternal Fatherhood of the first person of the Holy Trinity, and of eternal generation; and even though they refer also to David, and to the resurrection of Christ, yet there can be no doubt…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption. Lord’s Day 9, Chapter 3: The Eternal Father Creator

Very properly and beautifully the Heidelberg Catechism, speaking of God’s fatherhood with respect to all things, as the Creator of heaven and earth, mentions God’s eternal counsel. It is true that, it introduces this counsel here, strictly speaking, not in connection with creation, but as the power whereby God still…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 9, Chapter 3: The Eternal Father Creator (continued). Lord’s Day 10, Chapter 1: The Idea of God’s Providence

Chapter 3: The Eternal Father Creator (continued) This same truth, that in God’s eternal good pleasure Christ is first and all other things are conceived in Him and unto Him, is also taught in other passages of Holy Writ. We have in mind especially that glorious and profound part of…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 10, Chapter 1: The Idea of God’s Providence (continued)

The word providence is not a very accurate term to express what it is meant to denote. From the term itself the idea cannot be deduced. In the sense in which it is used in this connection it does not occur in Scripture at all. Literally, according to its derivation,…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 10, Chapter 3: The Goal of Providence

Thus far we spoke of God’s providential government only with respect to the world as it exists and moves. He controls and directs every movement and all the activity of the creature, anorganic and organic, brute and rational, good and evil. But God’s government of the world also implies that…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 10, Chapter 3: The End of God’s Providence (cont.)

The consummation of all things will certainly usher in the perfect world, the New Jerusalem in the new creation in which righteousness shall dwell, and in which the tabernacle of God shall be with men. But that state of eternal perfection and heavenly glory, it must be remembered, does not…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 2: The Prophetic Office and the Fall.

The central idea of an officebearer is that he is God’s friend-servant, authorized to function as God’s representative, as His vice-regent, in the visible world. In this general sense of the word Adam in the state of rectitude was very really an officebearer, for in virtue of the covenant relation…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 3: Christ our Chief Prophet (continued). Chapter 4: Melchisedec

3. Christ Our Chief Prophet (continued) As God’s prophet, Christ is far more excellent than the first man Adam in paradise. For He is the Person of the Son of God, Who is eternally in the bosom of the Father, the eternal Word, the express image of His substance, the…

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Part Two, of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 4: Melchisedec (continued). Chapter 5: After the Order of Melchisedec

4. Melchisedec (continued) Besides, if in the priesthood of Melchisedec we must see a small remnant, a faint glittering of Adam’s original priesthood, and if Christ is priest after the order of Melchisedec, it follows that also the priesthood of the Savior, in distinction from that of Aaron, is only…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 5: After the Order of Melchisedec (continued). Chapter 6: The One Sacrifice

5. After The Order of Melchisedec. (cont.) In both these respects, that the priestly office and the kingship were combined in one person, and that he was a priest for ever, Melchisedec is a type of Christ. Christ is the real Melchisedec, the royal priest, the king of righteousness, and…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 6: The One Sacrifice (continued from Vol. 20, p. 397). Chapter 7: Atoned For The Elect

Chapter 6: The One Sacrifice The moral theory of the suffering of Christ stands condemned, first of all, in the light of all that Scripture teaches us concerning the state and condition of the natural man, and the character of sin. For, according to Scripture, sin is guilt, and the…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 7: Atoned for the Elect (continued). Chapter 8: Christ our Intercessor

Chapter 7: Atoned For The Elect (continued) We will close this chapter by adding to what has been said about Christ’s dying and making satisfaction for the elect only a few remarks concerning the Arminian presentation of this matter. First of all, it should be evident that the Arminian view…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 8: Christ Our Intercessor (continued). Chapter 9: Our Eternal King

Chapter 8: Christ Our Intercessor (continued) The question is: how must we conceive of this intercessory prayer of our Lord as our High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary? How does He intercede for us at the throne of grace? In answer to this question, we must, on the one hand,…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 12, Chapter 10: Partakers of His Anointing

To the exposition of the name Christ and the offices of the Savior, the Catechism appends a discussion of the name Christian, and that, too, with personal application to the confessing believer who throughout the Heidelberger is the respondent to the questions. “But why are thou called a Christian? Because…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 13, Chapter 2: Christ’s Sonship and Ours

To avoid repetition, we must clearly distinguish just what subject the Heidelberg Catechism is discussing in the thirteenth Lord’s Day. We must not, in this connection, speak of the mystery of the incarnation as such, the doctrine that the Son of God assumed our flesh and blood from the virgin…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 15, Chapter 3: Very God and Righteous Man

The early Church, after a long period of controversy about the truth concerning the incarnated Word, finally expressed the faith of the orthodox believers in the Symbol of Chalcedon, in the year 451, as follows: “We, then, following the holy Fathers, all with one consent, teach men to confess one…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 15, Chapter 1: Atoning Suffering (continued). Chapter 2: Under Pontius Pilate

Chapter 1: Atoning Suffering (continued) This wrath of God, the Heidelberg Catechism instructs us, Christ sustained. And this expression deserves special attention and emphasis, because it points to the deepest reason why the suffering and death of our Savior could be an atonement for sin.

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Chapter 2: Under Pontius Pilate (continued). Chapter 3: The Death of the Cross.

Chapter 2: Under Pontius Pilate (continued) The condemnation of Jesus by the world was the judgment and condemnation of the world. Thus the Lord had spoken a few days before he stood before the Roman governor, delivered by His people, to be tried by that representative of worldly justice: “Now…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 16, Chapter 3: The Death of the Cross (continued). Chapter 1: The Death of the Son of God.

Chapter 3: The Death of The Cross (continued) Such is the meaning of the cross. No other death than that by crucifixion might the Lamb of God, that must take away the sin of the world, die. For Him it would not have been proper had He died suddenly of…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 16, Chapter 1: The Death of the Son of God (continued). Chapter 2: The Death of Believers.

Chapter 1: The Death of The Son of God (continued) What, then, is physical death? What does it mean for sinful man to die? And what is the meaning of the grave? From the viewpoint of experience, of what we, who are on this side of the grave, can see…

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Part Two, Of Man’s Redemption, Lord’s Day 16, Chapter 2: The Death of Believers (continued). Chapter 3: Dead to Sin.

Chapter 2: The Death Of Believers (continued) Moreover, it is only in the body of this death that believers are able to fulfill their calling in this world, according to God’s good pleasure over them. For they must, for a time, represent the cause of the Son of God in…

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