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Pelagius and Celestius: Enemies of the Doctrines of Grace (1)

Prof. Hanko is professor of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction With the adoption of the Creed of Chalcedon the Trinitarian and Christological controversies were, to all intents and purposes, brought to an end. Many different controversies continued to perplex the church, especially in the…

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Michael Servetus and the Denial of the Trinity (1)

Prof. Hanko is professor emeritus of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction   Calvin and Servetus—what a contrast! The most abused men of the sixteenth century, and yet direct antipodes of each other in spirit, doctrine, and aim: the reformer and the deformer; the champion…

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Jerome Bolsec and Predestination (1)

Prof. Hanko is professor emeritus of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction   Because of Calvin’s prominence in the work of the Reformation and because of his influence throughout the continent of Europe, no single reformer was attacked so fiercely by innumerable opponents as the…

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Philip Melanchthon and Synergism (2)

Prof. Hanko is professor emeritus of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction Melanchthon was Luther’s co-reformer. They worked together during the violent years of the early Reformation. They respected each other, loved each other, labored together in harmony, and complemented each other. It is fair…

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Philip Melanchthon and Synergism (1)

Prof. Hanko is professor emeritus of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction Anyone interested in the great Reformation of the sixteenth century readily acknowledges that Martin Luther was the outstanding reformer, of all those who engaged in this great work. Followers of John Calvin, while…

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Luther and the Right Wing of the Reformation (3)

Prof. Hanko is professor emeritus of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction Strictly speaking, the title of this article is not correct. That part of the Anabaptist movement, often called the Right Wing of the Reformation, of which we speak in this article was not…

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Luther and the Right Wing of the Reformation (1)

Prof. Hanko is professor emeritus of Church History and New Testament in the Protestant Reformed Seminary. Introduction The Reformation was, of course, a return to the doctrine, liturgy, and church government of Scripture over against the departures and apostasy of Roman Catholicism. But the reformers, as difficult a task as…

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