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When the Foundation Crumbles: Why did I Leave the Christian Reformed Church?, by Edward Heerema. Privately published, 1994. 30pp. $3.00 (paper). [Reviewed by the editor.]

As the sub-title of this 30-page booklet indicates, the crumbling foundation is that of the Christian Reformed Church (CRC). Retired CRC minister Edward Heerema, who has recently left the CRC, charges that the CR decision opening the offices in the church to women shows that “the Bible has become irrelevant” in the CRC. He points to the “crumbling” of the authority of Scripture in other, recent decisions of the CRC as well.

Especially interesting is Heerema’s answer to the question, “How did this state of affairs come about?” Heerema finds the beginning of the decline of the CRC regarding the authority of Scripture in the controversy in the 1960s over the love of God and the death of Christ. A CR seminary professor taught universal redeeming love and universal atonement. The CRC not only could not condemn the teaching but virtually approved it. Heerema speaks of synod’s “feeble decision that really settled nothing.”

What Heerema does not notice is that the CR seminary professor and his defenders expressly grounded the teaching of universal love and atonement in the 1924 decisions of the CRC on common grace. If Edward Heerema and the others who share his concerns will follow up on his question, “How did this state of affairs come about?” — surely an important question — they will find that the Dekker controversy over universal redemptive love and universal atonement necessarily takes them back to the common grace controversy of 1924.

The booklet can be ordered from the author at

619 S.E. 32nd St.

Cape Coral, Florida 33094.

Directory of Presbyterian and Reformed Churches. Manassas, VA: Christian Observer, 1995. 235pp. $25 (paper). [Reviewed by the editor.]

One may question whether a book of this kind will “put a stick in Satan’s eye,” as the advertising has it, while appreciating — and recommending — its usefulness in less grandiose ways.

Christian Observer has compiled a directory of Presbyterian and Reformed churches in North America. Congregations are listed with their address by state or province in alphabetical order of state or province. Each congregation is identified by denominational affiliation.

The directory begins with a list of Presbyterian and Reformed denominations in North America with the address of the stated clerk. I note that the mailing address of the Protestant Reformed Churches in America is wrong.

There is also an “international contact list.” This gives names and addresses of Presbyterian and Reformed persons, churches, and organizations worldwide from Albania to Zimbabwe. The listing for Australia includes Mr. and Mrs. N. Kleyn, but not the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Australia. The Singapore listing includes Rev. J. Kortering, but not the Evangelical Reformed Churches of Singapore. These are not criticisms. This is a first effort and edition of an ambitious project. The publisher asks for help in correcting the directory.

A section of “yellow pages” offers services and materials, including bibles, films and videos, periodicals, and seminaries.

The concept is a good one. The directory will come in handy in many ways. Every Reformed or Presbyterian church library, pastor’s study, and denominational committee could use a copy.

For copies write or call Christian Observer,

9400 Fairview Ave.

Manassas, VA 22110