All Articles For Ophoff, George

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I shall now argue on the negative side of the positive proposition: Resolved that a local consistory has the right to act contrary to the Church Order in submission to Classis and Synod. I want to prove also this proposition false. According to Joh. Jansen, though fundamentally and in the final analysis, a local consistory does not have the right to act contrary to the Church Order, it does have this right tentatively, for the time being, until classis meets, better said, until the synod meets, (which is every one or two years), for it can be expected that a...

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The final paragraph of my introduction reads: “Now I believe that I have discovered all the issues in this disputation. If my opponent knows of others, let him advance them and I will be only too glad to consider them. If he knows of no others, he and I must keep ourselves strictly to these issues. Not doing so, we sidestep the main issue which is whether or not a local consistory has the right to act contrary to the Church Order, i.e., the private right to revise its articles.” The argumentation of my opponent does present issues which do...

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(The Distribution of the Land) The united inheritance of Manasseh and Ephraim includes a fruitful country lying in the midst of Western Palestine. It extends from the Jordan, and the eastern slopes of mount Ephraim across to the shore of the Mediterranean. Of this entire district Ephraim received the southern portion, the half tribe of Manasseh the northern. Ephraim only, and he for a narrow space, touched the Jordan. The border between Ephraim and Manasseh is not clear nor the northern border of Manasseh. The sacred narrator makes mention of the fact that there was also a lot for the...

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A long time has gone by since the Lord had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about. Joshua has waxed old and is stricken in age. If he is to address them before his passing, now is the time. So he calls for all the representatives of the people—for their elders and judges, heads and officers—and exhorts them before his death. The place of convocation is Shechem. There are two addresses, but they form one whole, and in this whole the climax is reached when Joshua declares: “And if it seem evil unto you to serve the...

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Joshua now sends home the two tribes and a half with a blessing. Joshua acknowledges their obedience to Moses and to his own commands, and further that they had faithfully stood by their brethren and kept the commandments of God. And now Jehovah had given rest to the others, they might return to their tents in the land of their possession already given to them by Moses beyond the Jordan. To this he adds the admonition that they should continue to observe the commandments, to serve God in unchanging love, with their whole heart and their whole soul. Still further...

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The warfare for the possession of Canaan has been finished. The land had been partitioned among the people of Israel. Before proceeding with his narrative, the sacred narrator declared the covenant fidelity of Jehovah. Israel possesses the land and dwells therein. It has rest round about. Their stands not a man of all their enemies before them; the Lord has delivered all their enemies into their hand. There failed not ought of any good thing which He had spoken to the house of Israel; all came to pass, Jos. 21:43-45. This language plainly reposes upon the foundation of the truth...

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The book of Judges relates the earliest history of Israel in Canaan. The death of Joshua has deprived the people of their second and last national leader so that the administration of the affairs of the theocracy now rest solely on the judges which, according to the command of Moses (Deut. 6:18), the people were to make them in all their gates which the Lord their God should give them. This is indicated by the very name which our book bears: Shophetim, Judges, and further by its opening verse: “Now it came to pass after the death of Joshua, that...

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As was said, some years have gone by since the Lord had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about. Joshua has waxed old and is stricken in age. If he is to address them before his passing, now is the time. So he calls for all the representatives of the people and exhorts them before his death. The place of convocation is Shechem. There are two addresses. The first discourse presents to the Israelites what Jehovah will do for them to bring them into full possession of the land. He will expel these nations before them and...

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As was said, the task that remained to the one and a half tribes west of the Jordan was to prosecute the conquest by freeing their respective allotments from the remnants of the heathen tribes, and especially to cleanse the land of the altars and shrines of their pagan worship. But this was not done. With the exception of Judah, the tribes, in violation of the command of God, concluded a covenant with the heathen and, according to the articles of this covenant, the heathen were allowed to continue in the possession of many of their cities on the condition...

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As was pointed out, the first two chapters of the book of the Judges are introduction. Before the author begins his narrative, he explains why the Lord did not expel all the heathen nations from the promised land. The Lord left these nations in punishment of Israel’s sin. His people had entered into a forbidden fellowship with the Canaanites and had tolerated their pagan worship. Still another reason is given. The Lord left these nations to prove Israel and to teach the people war. The author also gives a bird’s-eye view of the history that he is about to relate,...

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